View Complete 2011 Structural Cost Report 
Summary
Foreword
Chapter 1 - Raw Cost Index
Chapter 2 - Corporate Tax Rates
Chapter 3 - Employee Benefits
Chapter 4 - Tort Costs
Chapter 5 - Energy Costs
Chapter 6 - Pollution Abatement Costs



The trade-weighted foreign pollution abatement cost advantage was 1.8 percentage points in the 2011 cost study (10 percent of the entire structural cost gap). Due to a lack of updated data standardized by the OECD, this is unchanged from the 2008 cost study.

  • The United States, unlike most other OECD countries, does not undertake regular surveys of pollution abatement costs. The last such survey was completed in 2005 and reported on in the 2008 cost study.

 

  • Furthermore, most nations that do collect such data are moving (at the OECD’s suggestion) to a broader concept of “environmental protection” that encompasses a broader set of activities than reducing pollutants, making comparisons since the 2008 cost study essentially meaningless.


 

Pollution Abatement Costs (Foreign Advantage)

Canada
Mexico
Japan
China
Germany
United Kingdom
Korea
Taiwan
France
Average of 9 partners
2003
2.8
N/A
2.3
N/A
2.4
3.0
N/A
N/A
1.5
3.5
2006
2.8
6.1
2.3
6.1
2.4
3.0
3.3
6.1
1.5
5.2
2008
0.7
3.3
0.7
3.4
0.2
2.7
0.5
3.4
0.2
1.8
2011
0.7
3.3
0.7
3.4
0.2
2.7
0.5
3.4
0.2
1.8
Increased Foreign Advantage
2006-2011
-2.1
-2.8
-1.6
-2.7
-2.2
-0.3
-2.8
-2.7
-1.3
-3.4


Cost of Regulatory Compliance for U.S. Manufacturers
Source: W. Mark Crain, Nicole V. Crain and Thomas Hopkins

Number of Firms
Cost per Firm
Total Cost
Value-Added
Regulatory "Tax"
1997
N/A
N/A
$147.0B
$1,277.3B
11.5%
2004
296,121
$548,077
$162.3B
$1,482.7B
10.9%
2009
278,703
$688,194
$191.8B
$1,717.5B
11.2%

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